Buckingham Palace is a must-see, popularly known as "Buck House", has been the main home of Britain's sovereigns since 1837, with Queen Victoria. It was originally built in 1703 for the Duke of Buckingham (thus its name), it was bought in 1761 by George III for his wife, Queen Charlotte, it was later re-modelled by Nash in the late 1820s for George IV, but did not finally get its current classical facade until 1913. Itís a handsome old palace with more than 775 rooms and a 42-acre garden, the 19 State Rooms of the Palace, including the Throne Room and the Picture Gallery, are open to the public for a tour during August and September. Changing of the Guard ceremony takes place daily.
The Houses of Parliament and Big Ben
Prominently situated on the north bank of the River Thames and officially known as the Palace of Westminster, it is the seat of the House of Commons and House of Lords, the building originates from 1840 after a fire destroyed the previous building in 1834; the most ancient part of the whole palace is 900 years old, the Palace was used as a royal residence until Henry VIII moved out in 1512 to Whitehall. The Palace of Westminster has 1100 rooms and about 3.2km of corridors. The Houses of Parliament contain the famous Clock Tower which, universally known as Big Ben, named after the original Commissioner of Works, Sir Benjamin Hall. IT has become well known for being a substantial part of the New Yearís celebrations in London
The Tower Bridge was designed by Wolfe Barry and Horace Jones and built in 1894; it's a real achievement of Victorian engineering. The Tower Bridge is a suspension bridge and bascule bridge combined to permit large vessels to pass underneath on the River Thames; you can walk from one tower to the next via the high level walkways, some 140 feet above the Thames, from here you will get breathtaking views of the city including St. Paul's, the Tower of London, and the Houses of Parliament.
The London Eye
The British Airways London Eye also known as Millennium Wheel, is one of the most striking structures in the world, it was built as part of London's millennium celebrations. It offers some of the best views of the capital and is itself visible from all over the city. You can see attractions River Thames, Big Ben, the Houses of Parliament, Windsor Castle, Trafalgar Square, London Aquarium, Tate Modern, St Paul's Cathedral and many others London's attractions.
Londonís most famous square, was built to commemorate the Lord Nelsonís naval victory against Napoleon in 1805, here youíll find Nelsonís Column surrounded by 4 bronze lions dominating the centre of the square while on the north side, is located the National Gallery which houses some 2100 masterpieces, including works of Michelangelo, Rubens, Raphael, Da Vinci and Van Gogh; in the North East corner is beautiful 18th-century neoclassical church, St Martin-in-the-Fields, which hosts regular concerts. Every Christmas, Norway sends a huge tree for the Trafalgar Square, it is also the heart of London's New Year Celebrations; people from all parts of London congregate there.
St Paul's Cathedral
The majestic St. Paul's Cathedral was designed Sir by Christopher in the 17th century and completed in 1710, it is the fifth religious building to occupy this site, the previous one was destroyed by the terrible Fire of London in 1666. A lot of the Englandís most prestigious events have been held here, most notably being the weddings of the Prince and Princess of Wales, the 80th & 100th birth of Queen Elizabeth, the funeral funerals of Lord Nelson and many other occasions have graced this spiritual centre. The dome of St. Paul's; one of the largest in the world, at 111.3 metres high; is a London icon; in the interior of the dome is the marvellous Whispering Gallery where a whisper is audible on the opposite side. The cathedral is decorated with 18th century paintings and 19th century mosaics.
Westminster Abbey is a beautiful Gothic church; it was founded by Edward the Confessor in the 11th century, it embodies much of the unique history of Britain. The coronation of every king and queen (excepting of Edward V and Edward VIII) has taken place here since 1066. Many of Britainís monarchs from Henry III to George II are buried here. Also to be found in the cathedral is Poets Corner where many famous literary figures such as Ben Johnson, William Shakespeare, John Keats, Oscar Wilde and John Milton are buried, and the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior.
The Tower of London
The Tower of London is the hearth of the Kingdom, situated on the North bank of the River Thames next to Tower Bridge, it was built by William the Conqueror, at the beginning of the 11th century to defend London against intruders, it has been a protective fortress, palace, prison, royal mint, execution yard and menagerie during its long and frequently bloody history. Today houses the priceless Crown Jewels. Anne Boleyn; the 2nd of Henry VIII's wives; and Lady Jane Grey; aspirant to the throne; were all executed here, among many others.
Also, you can see our London Museums, London Art Exhibitions, and London Festivals to see more attractions in London.